The morning clinics included "Freelance modelling", "Desert scenery", "Image manipulation", and "NZ scenery". I went to the clinic on New Zealand scenery and I was not disappointed. Barry Fitzgerald and John Dudson gave a great presentation on making and displaying some typical New Zealand trees and vegetation. Referring to my notes, I recorded the following dot points:
- look for particular motifs specific to the location you're modelling - helps to identify the location and give credibility to the scene - but motifs need to complement each other
- look for typical scenery and the familiarity of everyday life
- study the local architecture and apply to your modelling
- "detail is not overcrowding"
- provide for lineside interest (e.g. cameo scenes)
- use paper or thin cardboard (the suggested paper thickness was 80-85 gsm) to cut out a round-shaped disc of a size suitable for your cabbage tree foliage in your scale (S scale in this example)
- divide into quadrants in order to ensure even cuts around the disc to create "leaves"
- use scissors for the cutting (be careful not to cut through the centre or you won't have a disc anymore, but only part of a disc)
- put a pin through the centre (hence the "paper star" look)
- fold the "leaves" back and repeat process with more discs to build up layers of foliage until you have sufficient for your tree head
- you can add a lower fringe of grey paper "leaves" to represent dead or dried fronds
- select a suitable twig for the trunk and secure the "paper stars" head using PVA glue
- add additional fronds with green paper to the top using the same paper star method
- tease out the "leaves" or fronds to match the shape of the real-life cabbage trees
- paint paper stars shades of green or brown or yellow as appropriate
- add cabbage trees together in clumps on your layout
- build scenery on the layout from the ground up
- look for colour, texture, and variety (e.g. at every step you have a colour option)
- static grass is a good scenery method but use different shades of scenery flock
- important to blend colours to overcome the "same look" (a suggestion was to make up a colour chart of colour shades, particularly in the green and brown colour ranges)
- use rock moulds for modelling rock outcrops but pay attention to colour shades (recommend using Woodland Scenics colour range of paints)
- for concrete, "Tradeset 45" plaster recommended (sets in 45 minutes)
The second session of clinics on Sunday morning included "Track matters" with Iain Rice, "Modelling in the garden", Adapting RTR locos", and "Operation NZ style". I attended this latter clinic on model railway layout operation by Trevor James. Trevor based his talk on his own S scale NZR prototype layout, currently under the moniker of "My layout"! Trevor introduced his (absolutely beautiful) layout with a track plan and photos, based on a fictional railway line between Auckland and Wellington (on the North Island). The track plan looks like a figure eight in the middle of a surrounding single main line and featuring two big towns (Waimarino and Tipapa Junction) and end points (Auckland and Wellington) as off-scene staging.
Trevor explained how he applied the common US model railway operation method of cards and waybills. The planning process and use of an operating system went something like this:
- a point-to-point layout with two main intermediate towns towns, a couple of smaller settlements, and off-scene staging at both ends representing Auckland and Wellington
- a "wish list" determined key features on the layout (e.g. a wharf scene, bridges, farming, a swamp, industries, etc.)
- it was also important to give the layout a reason-for-being (e.g. traffic generation)
- establish appropriate industries and position on the layout
- design a timetable for trains on the layout ( time a locomotive as it runs around the layout and get times between stations; then using a train in each direction, build up a sequence of trains and times)
- establish type of train (express goods, etc.) and position in the timetable
- trial and error will help set an acceptable timetable from which to work from
- further detail can be added to include instructions on what to do at particular locations throughout the layout, taking into account other trains that might also be around (this layout operates one train in each direction with single line running)
- draw up work orders for each train, based on the type of wagons you have, the industries to serve, and the timetable
- from what I recall, the information was initially put into Microsoft Excel
- later, Trevor experimented with a computerised car card system called ShipIt
- ShipIt requires lists of rolling stock, locomotives, guards vans, trains, towns, shippers, products, consignees, etc.
- inputing all the necessary information into ShipIt was tedious and repetitive but Trevor said he would persevere!
- the conclusion of the talk was that creating a focus on operation was a realistic and enjoyable way to run trains on his layout
The last photo shows my NZ compatriots (the three chaps at the back) with whom I enjoyed a pleasant Sunday afternoon visiting home layouts and the wonderful Ferrymead Heritage Park. Thank you, one and all.